Rhein on Energy and Climate

While the international community is due to finally take serious action against climate change it is worthwhile having a look at Denmark, Sweden and, to a lesser degree, Finland and Norway that have succeeded to generate two thirds of their electricity from renewable sources, mostly from wind and water.

But despite intensive efforts and favourable conditions – zero population growth, large forest areas, a very big hydro power potential and ideal wind conditions – they are still miles away from a fossil-free energy supply which Denmark aspires by 2050.

Still, the international community might learn a few lessons from their experience:

  • build a strong political and popular support.

Without such a support technical efforts will go nowhere. This support is there in each of the countries.

  • set long term objectives, buffered by short-time targets on which to focus concrete action.

    Thus by 2020 Denmark aims to cover one third and until 2050 its entire energy needs from renewable sources.

Similarly the EU operates with 2020/30 targets within a 2050 horizon.

  • put in place a strong institutional framework: a climate and energy ministry and energy agency.

    Denmark has led the way.

  • introduce cost-effective support schemes for accelerating the shift from fossil to renewable energy.

    Denmark has tried a panoply of measures, strongly focused on wind power, its principal renewable source, investment grants to enterprises shifting their energy supply from fossil to renewable sources and recently also premiums for solar power.

    Unlike Germany which has wasted huge amounts of subsidies for photovoltaic installations, not ideal in a country lacking sun during much of the year, the Scandinavian countries have concentrated their efforts on wind energy of which they have plenty. Such a focus on the most effective source of renewable energy is crucial for obtaining cost-effectiveness.

  • offer subsidies only for a limited period (10 years) and adapt them to falling production costs.

    Here too Denmark is a better example than Germany that has offered premiums unchanged for 20 years.

  • invest from the start in energy storage and interconnections for periods without wind or sunshine.

    Here Germany has also failed for a long time.

  • begin with renewable electricity even if heating and transport are more important energy consumers.
  • do not forget pushing for more effective thermal insulation of the building stock, where the Nordic countries have also been outstanding.

  • do not renounce mandatory action, for example energy efficiency standards if you can monitor their implementation.

  • last not least, phase out all direct and indirect subsidies for fossil energy.

In conclusion, if Humanity is serious with reducing green house gas emissions every major energy consuming country must without delay put in place the institutional and legal bases for reducing its fossil energy consumption.

To be effective it must draw up an appropriate strategy containing a long term vision and short term operational measures.

It is up to the UN to invite its most appropriate institution to help countries in that exercise and make sure that those countries implementing effective climate strategies will benefit from the financial assistance that has been promised by the international community.

But even with the most devoted efforts the Nordic countries` experience shows that it will take decades before such policies will produce strong results. Homework should therefore start without any further delay.

 

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    http://ruskline.ru/special_opinion/vashington_london_i_bryussel_reshili_nanesti_udar_po_prezidentu_rossii_vladimiru_putinu/

  2. Washington, London and Brussels have decided to strike at Russian President Vladimir Putin .
    Ara Sarkissian , academician, Honorary Consul of Macedonia to Armenia, President of the Academy of Geopolitics .

    For what has been started this big geopolitical game with Ukraine , which had been involved , except Russia and the United States , the leading countries of Europe?

    The main error of transatlantic political scientists and the CIA was that they came to the Russian elite with yardstick 90 – ies of the last century. That is , they reasoned like this: Vladimir Putin and the oligarchs depriving him of the source of existence, we are not only frightened the president of Russia , but also make him do what is necessary to strategists in Washington and London . Washington, London and Brussels have decided to strike at Russian President Vladimir Putin and his closest associates .

    Have they got nervous because of the Crimea to Russia ? No, their hate is directed at the man who dared to make our country stronger and richer , because apart from the geopolitical significance of the Crimea, a huge weight has and reunification of the Russian people . This does not increase the number of Russian citizens to 2 million people , it is the increased power of the Russian people, which became stronger and more united , patriotic and courageous .

    In the sanctions list were G.Timchenko , A. and B.Rotenbergi , Yu.Kovalchuk , Andrei Fursenko , Sergey Ivanov , Sergei Naryshkin , Valentina Matviyenko , Dmitry Rogozin , Sergei Glazyev , Vladislav Surkov , Sergei Mironov and others. Not entirely clear that this list does V.Surkov ( Dudayev ) , because in May 2013 he complained of RF IC in London, at the seminar of the London School of Economics , which became Alma Mater for the current generation of Russian economists ? After this demarche Deputy Prime Minister was dismissed , but not for long , today he is responsible for the interests of the Caucasus in the Russian Presidential Administration .

    Interestingly another , what attitude to Ukrainian events has Sergei Glazyev , Dmitry Rogozin , Sergei Mironov , Andrei Fursenko , not to mention the oligarchs Vladimir Putin ? Sergei Glazyev spoke on Ukraine’s accession to the EU and the signing of the contract bonded destroying the industrial potential of the country. The same opinion Rogozin , which coordinates the arms manufacturers and thereby helped the enterprises of Ukraine with orders. Their role in the events on Independence and then followed a sharp polarization of life in Ukraine can not be traced . But in terms of the U.S. and UK are both dangerous enemies , as Sergei Glazyev advocated nationalization CBR and creation of the Eurasian Economic Union , as opposed to the claims of Europe its exclusive economic role among the CIS countries . Rogozin is on positions revival and re- power the MIC of the Russian army , which represents a threat to Anglo-Saxon countries .

    However, how to deal with representatives of business structures is not entirely clear . That such persons are friends and associates of Vladimir Putin at different times of his work , does not mean their participation in the Ukrainian events.

    Naive , G.Timchenko part of its shares to cache , and part of the value passed into the hands Ganvor T.Tornkvistu , remaining oligarchs realized earlier is very true Cypriot crisis and transferred all of their savings in offshore South – East Asia. In particular, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore , not excluding Indonesia, where no accident with great pomp celebrated the birth of Vladimir Putin at the APEC summit . Sanctions against Yu.Kovalchuka bank “Russia” look pretty funny, but here pierced U.S. , because there are interesting metamorphosis : CBR has otherwise called the Bank of Russia , and he belongs to the world banking community , and not the Kremlin leadership . But now the bank “Russia” becomes presidential bank. What prevents eliminate one structure and move all storage to another , reporting Vladimir Putin ?

    And here we come to the main point : what has been started this big geopolitical game with Ukraine , which had been involved , except for Russia and the United States , the leading country in Europe ? After the revolution in Ukraine and Russia only strengthened acquired a new vector of its development as a sovereign state and the Empire , which creates its own financial system . Their clumsy actions the U.S. and Britain have provoked redistribution of power in Russia, when clan pro-American financiers and oligarchs can fall from the actions of Vladimir Putin , who was forced to become a nationally oriented force. Indeed, the U.S. and UK catered A.Mordashov , Vladimir Potanin , Igor Sechin , Oleg Deripaska , Mikhail Prokhorov , Vladimir Yakunin , Fridman , Viktor Vekselberg , V.Lisin , Alisher Usmanov , Abramovich , A.Mamut , Kerimov and other oligarchs made ??their fortune in the Yeltsin 90s , why not raise them against sanctions? That they are firmly woven into the system of transnational corporations and are actually top – managers of foreign ownership in Russia , and it is very expensive and strategically important .

    Why is the list of the U.S. State Department asked the head of the FSB A.Bortnikova , Security Council Secretary N.Patrusheva , head of the Foreign Intelligence Service Mikhail Fradkov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu ? Did not they planned a special operation in the Crimea and ” polite people ” without stripes did not belong to units of the GRU , directly under the Russian Defense Ministry ? But if the ” polite people ” were special units of the Mossad and the representatives of the Foreign Legion in France , the position of the power unit of Russia and its subordination to the West is a very big question . Therefore, security officials not listed sanctions? Its not renting ? Another set of names is also not included in the lists of the U.S. State Department , is the financial unit of the Russian Federation Anatoly Chubais , Kudrin , Gref Ulyukayev , E.Nabiullina , Arkady Dvorkovich , Medvedev and K.Yudaeva . Without their knowledge of the Ukrainian situation and allocating funds for economic occurrences Crimea to Russia, nothing would have happened. But , nevertheless , their names do not appear in the list of those who have blocked foreign accounts and the possibility of entry. Otherwise it can not be, it is an economic bloc in the Russian treacherous activity carries the U.S. and UK in the territory of Russia . Trained in London and U.S. institutions , representatives of the unit , along with some high-ranking officers of the security and intelligence agencies of the Russian Federation are the agents of the CIA and MI6 influence , Mossad and the French DGSE. These people are not under the jurisdiction of the world backstage . Yet no jurisdiction, but everything flows , everything changes .

    Here it is appropriate to recall a story from the life of Vladimir Putin. November 9, 1989 was a historic event , the Berlin Wall as a symbol of separation of the German people and the Soviet bloc countries of the Warsaw Pact , the Germans rushed to break the artificial barrier , at the same time destroying other symbols of socialist oppression. After the pogrom in Stasi hotheads decided to smash together and representing the KGB , but the way was blocked by a lieutenant colonel, who, after a short but meaningful speech , turning back to the crowd , climbed to the top of the stairs , having 12 steps . The crowd dispersed the rioters , and Colonel Vladimir Putin has done his duty to the Motherland . Today will historical destinies before President Vladimir Putin over a crowd of rioters , and fifth column agents of influence , Russia ready to blow the building to shreds and he needs to go again 12 speed service to the motherland .

    To be continued .

    Ara Sarkissian , academician, Honorary Consul of Macedonia to Armenia, President of the Academy of Geopolitics .
    http://ruskline.ru/special_opinion/vashington_london_i_bryussel_reshili_nanesti_udar_

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